PostgresqlでSQLからスキーマ情報を得る色々な方法。

スキーマ情報(シンプルなやつ)

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select column_name, data_type, character_maximum_length
from INFORMATION_SCHEMA.COLUMNS where table_name = 'table_name';

スキーマ情報(シンプルなやつ)(コメント付き)

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SELECT
cols.column_name,data_type, character_maximum_length,
(
SELECT
pg_catalog.col_description(c.oid, cols.ordinal_position::int)
FROM
pg_catalog.pg_class c
WHERE
c.oid = (SELECT ('"' || cols.table_name || '"')::regclass::oid)
AND c.relname = cols.table_name
) AS column_comment
FROM
information_schema.columns cols
where cols.table_name = 'table_name';

スキーマ情報(複雑なやつ)

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SELECT
f.attnum AS number,
f.attname AS name,
f.attnum,
f.attnotnull AS notnull,
pg_catalog.format_type(f.atttypid,f.atttypmod) AS type,
CASE
WHEN p.contype = 'p' THEN 't'
ELSE 'f'
END AS primarykey,
CASE
WHEN p.contype = 'u' THEN 't'
ELSE 'f'
END AS uniquekey,
CASE
WHEN p.contype = 'f' THEN g.relname
END AS foreignkey,
CASE
WHEN p.contype = 'f' THEN p.confkey
END AS foreignkey_fieldnum,
CASE
WHEN p.contype = 'f' THEN g.relname
END AS foreignkey,
CASE
WHEN p.contype = 'f' THEN p.conkey
END AS foreignkey_connnum,
CASE
WHEN f.atthasdef = 't' THEN d.adsrc
END AS default
FROM pg_attribute f
JOIN pg_class c ON c.oid = f.attrelid
JOIN pg_type t ON t.oid = f.atttypid
LEFT JOIN pg_attrdef d ON d.adrelid = c.oid AND d.adnum = f.attnum
LEFT JOIN pg_namespace n ON n.oid = c.relnamespace
LEFT JOIN pg_constraint p ON p.conrelid = c.oid AND f.attnum = ANY (p.conkey)
LEFT JOIN pg_class AS g ON p.confrelid = g.oid
WHERE c.relkind = 'r'::char
AND n.nspname = 'public' -- Replace with Schema name
AND c.relname = 'table_name' -- Replace with table name
AND f.attnum > 0 ORDER BY number
;

コメント情報

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SELECT c.table_schema,c.table_name,c.column_name,pgd.description
FROM pg_catalog.pg_statio_all_tables as st
inner join pg_catalog.pg_description pgd on (pgd.objoid=st.relid)
inner join information_schema.columns c on (pgd.objsubid=c.ordinal_position
and c.table_schema=st.schemaname and c.table_name=st.relname);